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Having Careers in Psychology

This is a career that performs an invaluable service to the world. Before we go any further you should understand that we are talking about psychology and not psychiatrics. In psychology the way that people think, behave and feel is explored. This study of human behavior and nature is conducted groups, communities, as single individuals and as organizations.

Psychiatrics on the other hand deal with the emotional aspects of a mentally disordered person. The help that is given by these professionals can give a stable platform for many of these people to begin their lives. While this sounds very similar to psychology there are profound differences.

For those of you who would like to pursue various careers in psychology you will need to have the appropriate educational avenues covered and you should have an idea of which branch of psychology that you would like to specialize in. This is very important because each branch deals with the behavioral patterns of various ages.

The best way to accomplish having a foot into the doorway of psychology is to study the various courses that deal in the broad spectrum of psychology and have some fieldwork and work experience under your belt. Once you have done some actual work you will know if you are suited for looking into careers in psychology. As you begin to qualify you can see which of these careers in psychology will interest you.

One of the careers in psychology that you might find of interest is that of child psychology. This branch of psychology deals with the responses that certain children have begun to experience due to some event that is occurring or has occurred in their lives. A good child psychologist will be able to understand and treat the problem so that the child can begin to deal with it in a sensible way and find their balance.

To be successful in the various careers in psychology you should be dedicated to helping people with their everyday life problems. These problems will need to be handled with care and patience. For the person who has these traits finding good careers in psychology will not be a large problem.


Online Jobs

A great way to make money without ever leaving home are online jobs. Work-at-home parents can have family time and earn money as well by seeking an online job. Some jobs allow you to set aside a specific number of hours each day that you are available to work.

Numerous online jobs are now awaiting employees. Such jobs now exist for nearly any skill level or interest. Many of these jobs can be found at online marketplaces, which will tell applicants in detail what qualifications they seek. You just need to conduct online searches for jobs that require knowledge you have and interests you share that you can do in the time you have available.

When you are looking for online jobs, you need to know your limitations and be honest when you apply. You should not commit to positions that require time you don’t have or involve interests you don’t share. For example, writing jobs are freely available but time-consuming. If your online job clashes with family time or other obligations that you have, this will lead to stress, poor job performance, and ultimately termination from your online position.

One thing that homeworkers sometimes have trouble adjusting to is the discipline required. Working for an Internet business requires that you know your capabilities and that you only take on as much work as you can reasonably handle. Anyone even considering working from home as an online employee should check to see what jobs are available.

Many online jobs start out by offering very low amounts of money for each piece of work done. Nevertheless, you can make good money through internet work. This especially applies if you have skills such as graphics design, writing, or web consulting.


Careers in Pharmacies

In a pharmacy, you will normally find two types of jobs. That of the pharmacist and that of the pharmacy technician. You may also find pharmacy assistants or sales associates in the pharmacy as well. These individuals must take the prescription, decipher the handwriting on it, make an overall interpretation of the prescription, select the medication from the stock, count out or measure the prescription, and make an appropriate label for the medication.

In addition to the above task, the patient must receive counseling on the medications that they are going to be ingesting. It is also the duty of the individuals who have careers in pharmacies to maintain the records of the customers. Insurance information must also be gathered, confirmed, documented, and recorded so that the companies may pay their share of an individuals cost that are associated with medications. This profession can be quite stressful due to the laws and liabilities that are dealt with. This is why careers in pharmacies require an individual to be properly educated.


Pharmacists are considered to be the “drug information specialists”. These are the most highly trained individuals in the pharmacy. While pharmacy technicians and assistants may have the same basic understanding as a pharmacist on many things, the pharmacist is the one with the official educational background and certification to accurately perform their duties within the state that they practice. These individuals verify the prescriptions that are filled prior to being given to the patient. There are also responsible for discussing the medication with the patients.

In addition to the above information, a pharmacist may find that they are in a position where they must offer advice to doctors and other professionals on certain kinds of medications. Some of these individuals have the ability to write prescriptions. However, the ability to perform this task is directly related to what the laws outline in regards to the specific area in which that pharmacist works.

Individuals who are interested in acquiring the ability to become a pharmacist must attend college. Those that attend college for four to five years are issued a Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy. Once this is acquired, an R.Ph will be added to the end of the name of the individual. There is also a Doctor of Pharmacy Degree that many choose to obtain in the field. These can be obtained once the BS degree is obtained. Individuals may elect to simply enter an add on program that enriches their current degree.

The following classes outline the coursework that pharmacists are generally subjected to when acquiring a degree in pharmacology:

1. Writing
2. Sociology
3. History
4. Ethics
5. Communications
6. Psychology
7. Advanced Math Courses
8. Biology
9. Chemistry
10. Medications and Drug Courses
11. Pharmacology Machinery
12. Pharmacological Calculations

This particular job pays an average of $50,000.00 – $175,000.00 annually, depending on the size of the area in which the individual works, the demand, and the educational background achieved in the areas related to the profession.

Pharmacy Technicians

Pharmacy technicians play a very important role in pharmacies in the United States and Canada. These individuals normally work to greet the customers that visit the pharmacy and answer telephone calls. It is very common for the pharmacy technician to deal with customers, insurance companies, and doctors directly. They assist in the filling and dispensing process within the pharmacy as well. Operating computers, understanding the technical aspects of the inner workings of the pharmacy and dealing with pharmacological calculations and measurements is a common task.

A certification is normally required to become a pharmacy technician. The most common classes for an individual in this career include:

1. Regulations for Drug Development
2. Drug Manufacturers
3. Medical Terminology
4. Pharmaceutical Calculations
5. Dosages forms and Administration
6. Prescriptions
7. Pharmaceutical Dispensing
8. Anatomy and Physiology
9. Basic Chemistry of Drug Molecules
10. Over-The-Counter Drugs
11. Package Inserts
12. Drug Emergencies


Avoid These Interview Mistakes

1. Poor handshake. The three-second handshake that starts the interview is your first opportunity to create a great impression. But all too often an interview is blown right from the start by an ineffective handshake. Once you’ve delivered a poor handshake, it’s nearly impossible to recover your efforts to build rapport. Here are some examples :

* The Limp Hand : Gives the impression of disinterest or weakness.

* The Tips of the Fingers : Shows lack of ability to engage.

* The Arm Pump : Sincerity is questionable, much like an over-agressive salesman.

Even if you’re a seasoned professional, don’t assume you have avoided these pitfalls. Your handshake may be telling more about you than you know. Ask for honest critiques from several friends who aren’t afraid to tell you the truth.

2. Talking too much.

In my recruiting days, I abhorred over-talkative candidates. So did most of my client employers. Over-talking takes several forms :

* Taking too long to answer direct questions. The impression: This candidate just can’t get to the point.

* Nervous talkers. The impression : This candidate is covering up something or is outright lying.

To avoid either of these forms of over-talking, practice answering questions in a direct manner. Avoid nervous talking by preparing for your interview with role-play.

3. Saying negative things about your current or past employers/managers.

The fastest way to talk yourself out of a new job is to say negative things. Even if your last boss was Attila the Hun, never, never state your ill feelings about him/her. No matter how reasonable your complaints, YOU will come out the loser if you show that you disrespect your boss. When faced with the challenge of talking about former employers, make sure you are prepared with a positive spin on your experiences.

4. Showing up late or too early.

The first lesson in job-search etiquette is to show up on time for interviews. A lot of job seekers don’t realize, however, that showing up too early often creates a poor first impression as well. Arriving more than ten minutes early for an interview is a dead giveaway that the job seeker has too much time on their hands, much like the last one picked for the softball team.

Don’t diminish your candidate desirability by appearing desperate. Act as if your time were as valuable as theirs. Always arrive on time, but never more than ten minutes early.

5. Treating the receptionist rudely.

Since the first person you meet on an interview is usually a receptionist, this is also the first impression you’ll make. Don’t mistake low rank for low input. Often, that receptionist’s job is to usher you into your interview. The receptionist has the power to pave your way positively or negatively before you even set eyes on the interviewer.

6. Asking about benefits, vacation time or salary.

What if a car salesman asked to see your credit report before allowing you to test drive the cars? That would be ridiculous and you’d walk away in disgust. The effect is about the same when a job seeker asks about benefits or other employee perks during the first interview. Wait until you’ve won the employer over before beginning that discussion.

7. Not preparing for the interview.

Nothing communicates disinterest like a candidate who hasn’t bothered to do pre-interview research. On the flip side, the quickest way to a good impression is to demonstrate your interest with a few well thought out questions that reflect your knowledge of their organization.

8. Verbal ticks.

An ill-at-ease candidate seldom makes a good impression. The first signs of nervousness are verbal ticks. We all have them from time to time-umm, like, you know. Ignore the butterflies in your stomach and put up a front of calm confidence by avoiding verbal ticks.

One of the best ways to reduce or eliminate them is through role play. Practice sharing your best success stories ahead of time, and you’ll feel more relaxed during the real interview.

9. Not enough/too much eye contact.

Either situation can create a negative effect: Avoid eye contact and you’ll seem shifty or untruthful; offer too much eye contact, and you’ll wear the interviewer out. If you sometimes have trouble with eye-contact balance, work this out ahead of time in an interview practice session with a friend.

10. Failure to match communication styles.

It’s almost impossible to make a good first impression if you can’t communicate effectively with an interviewer. But you can easily change that situation by mirroring the way the interviewer treats you. For instance:

* If the interviewer seems all business, don’t attempt to loosen him/her up with a joke or story. Be succinct and businesslike.

* If the interviewer is personable, try discussing his/her interests. Often the items on display in the office can be a clue.

* If asked a direct question, answer directly. Then follow up by asking if more information is needed.

When you allow the interviewer to set the tone of conversation, this can vastly improve your chances of making a favorable impression. You can put the interviewer at ease-and make yourself seem more like them-by mirroring their communication style.

Just as a strong resume wins you an opportunity to interview, strong interview skills will win you consideration for the job. You already know that you won’t earn an interview unless your resume sets you apart as a candidate of choice. Because of this, you commit your resources to present an outstanding resume. Likewise, you should know that polishing your interview skills can mean the difference between getting the job-and being a runner-up.

Start your job search with a resume that creates a stellar first impression, then back those facts up with your extraordinary interview skills. You will have made yourself a better candidate by avoiding these ten interview pitfalls. And no one will have to talk about you as the candidate who “almost” got the job.


Interview Preparation Tips

– Read the job posting over several times – read between the lines – what will it take to do this job? Personality traits, skills, knowledge and experience?

– Take a piece of paper and write, “What they are looking for.” Compare that against your qualifications – “What you have to offer.”

– Research the company, and the industry, and the competition.

– Prepare a “personal statement” summarizing what you have to offer. This information can be used to answer open-ended questions like “Tell me about yourself”

– Write at least five success stories to answer behavioral interview questions. (“Tell me about a time when…,” or “Can you give me an example of a time….”)

– Answers to the 10 most common interview questions Tell me about yourself.

— Why did you leave/are you leaving your last position?

— What do you know about this company?

— What are your goals?

— What are your strengths/weaknesses?

— Why do you want to work for this company?

— What has been your most significant achievement?

— How would your last boss/colleagues describe you?

— Why should we hire you? What is your salary expectation?

– Make a list of 5-10 questions to ask the interviewer about the job; the company; the industry.

– Research salary data – know your worth and the “going” rate for your position.

– Know your salary needs, based on your living expenses – your bottom line.

– Get permission from your references to use their names.

Before you leave for the interview

– Appearance – check yourself in the mirror – if you feel good about yourself and the way you look, others will return that feeling.

– Items to carry to the interview

*** Several copies of your resume

*** Copy of your references

*** Pad of paper to take notes (notes are optional)

*** Directions/map to the interview site

Upon Arrival

– Arrive early so that you are on time. Don’t enter the building until 10-15 minutes before your appointment. (Don’t appear overly anxious.)

– Review your preparation stories and answers.

– Go to the restroom and check your appearance one last time.

– Cool your hands down – run cold water on the insides of your wrists

– Greet the receptionist in a professional manner – don’t underestimate the importance of anyone you come in contact with – always be courteous

– Stand and greet your interviewer with a confident handshake.

– Smile and look into the interviewer’s eyes – note the color of his or her eyes.

During the Interview

– Try to focus on the points you have prepared without being rehearsed or stiff.

– Relax and enjoy the conversation. Learn what you can about the company.

– Ask questions and listen – read between the lines.

– Ask if there is any additional information needed to prove that you are the right person for the job.

– Thank the interviewer and find out what the next step in the process will be.

– Ask for the interviewer’s card (to send the follow up letter).

After the Interview

– As soon as possible, write down what you are thinking and feeling.

– Later in the day, look at what you wrote and assess how you did.

– Write a follow up/thank you letter. Remind the interviewer of your qualities.

This checklist will aid you in feeling prepared and ready. This feeling will boost your confidence and you will be able to be more relaxed and make a positive impression.